SIMS-23 2022 Session PS1-MoM: Plenary Session I
Monday, September 19, 2022 8:30 AM in Room Great Lakes B
Session Abstract Book
(228KB, Aug 31, 2022) Time Period MoM Sessions | Abstract Timeline | Topic PS Sessions | Time Periods | Topics | SIMS-23 2022 Schedule
PS1-MoM-2 Plenary Lecture: Oxygen Isotope Analysis in Carbonates: Accuracy vs. Precision
John Valley, Noriko Kita, Kouki Kitajima (University of Wisconsin-Madison)
Carbonate minerals form at a wide range of temperature and pressure, are common on Earth, and found elsewhere in the Solar System. Oxygen isotope ratios (δ18O) in carbonates are a powerful tool to understand the thermal and fluid history of igneous and metamorphic rocks , and sedimentary processes including the formation of diagenetic cements ( Fig. 1b-d), speleothems, mollusks, foraminifera ( Fig. 2b-e), fish otoliths ( Fig. 3) and pearls. Most of these samples are zoned at μm-scale and conventional analysis by acid dissolution and gas-source mass spectrometry (GSMS) results in averaged compositions and lost information. Applications such as paleoclimatology, reservoir studies of sedimentary basins and diffusion/kinetics of mineral reaction require SIMS.
SIMS analysis (1-10 μm beam) can be correlated with microscopy (Fig. 1b, 2b-d) and other in situ techniques in images or by QGIS to reveal otherwise unknown correlations and detail. Small pits (<2 μm) are visible with UV optics on IMS-1280. Spot-to-spot precision is improved to 0.2‰ (2SD) in 10 μm spots by appropriate sample preparation, attention to “down-hole” sputtering effects, and frequent standardization, and in smaller spots with a FC amplifier and 1012 ohm resistor. However, chemically matched carbonate reference materials (RMs) are necessary for accurate calibration to the international VSMOW or VPDB scales. A suite of 30 inorganic Ca-Mg-Fe carbonate mineral RMs demonstrates that IMF (bias) for δ18O varies predictably by up to 19‰ at WiscSIMS (IMS-1280) (Fig. 1a); correlated analysis of cations by EPMA allows accurate calibration ±~0.5‰.
In contrast to inorganic carbonates, biocarbonates can have complex textures and contain additional components not amenable to EPMA including water and organics, making calibration by inorganic RMs questionable. SIMS analyses are often offset to lower values than GSMS data. Values of Δ18O(GSMS-SIMS) correlate with 16O1H/16O (SIMS) in young biocarbonates ( Fig. 2a). Many biocarbonates have relatively constant OH/O and can be corrected with a constant offset , but samples with variable OH/O ( Fig. 3) should be interpreted with caution.
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