Fundamentals & Biological, Energy and Environmental Applications of Quartz Crystal Microbalance Poster Session

Thursday, November 13, 2014 6:00 PM in Room Hall D

QC+AS+BI+MN-ThP-1 In Situ Toxic Nano-Material Sensing Method Using DNA Immobilized Quartz Crystal Microbalance
Kuewhan Jang, Sangmyung Lee, Juneseok You, Chanho Park, Jinsung Park, Sungsoo Na (Korea University, Republic of Korea)
Nano-material has grown from scientific interest to commercial products and there are more than 1600 nano-material products on the market. Among those nano-materials, single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) and silver ion have been shown great interest due to their extraordinary properties. Since SWNT and silver ion production capacity increases each year, its contamination to the environment water system will increase in the form of industrial waste. Moreover, toxicity assessment of those materials is required for human health and environmental issue since the toxicity of those materials has been reported. In this study, we propose the in-situ detection of SWNT and silver ion. The detection mechanism is based on the measurement of the resonance frequency shift arisen from the binding on the DNA immobilized quartz crystal microbalance. We are able to detect SWNT and silver ion less than an hour with the detection limit of 100 ng/ml of SWNT and 100 pM of silver ion, respectively. Moreover, the DNA immobilized quartz crystal microbalance enables the detection in real tap water. This work shows the potential of DNA immobilized quartz crystal microbalance as the in-situ toxic nano-material screening tool.
QC+AS+BI+MN-ThP-2 Mechanics of Multicontact Interfaces Studied with a QCM
Rebekka König, Sylvia Hanke, Jana Vlachová, Diethelm Johannsmann, Arne Langhoff (Clausthal University of Technology, Germany)

The contact stiffness and the contact strength at interfaces between rough surfaces are of outstanding relevance in many different fields, including mechanical engineering, bio-lubrication, and technical tribology.

Individual sphere-plate contacts have been previously investigated with a QCM and it was found that the contact stiffness can be inferred from the frequency shift, where the latter is positive because contact increases the overall stiffness of the composite resonator. At elevated amplitude of oscillation, the apparent contact stiffness decreases because of partial slip. Partial slip (also: “microslip”) describes the situation, where a contact partly sticks and partly slips. Sticking mostly is observed in the center. Slip is found at the edges, where the local stress is large.

The presentation describes the extension of this work to multicontact interfaces as well as the new results which were found with the single contacts . Generally speaking, multicontact interfaces differ from individual contacts by, firstly, a broad distribution of contact size and contact strength and, secondly, by an elastic coupling between neighboring load-bearing asperities.

Different materials (aluminum, PMMA) and different characteristic scales of roughness (all in the range of many microns) were studied. The focus is on polymer surfaces, which where treated with an abrasive paper. A novel geometry, where the resonator is symmetrically loaded with the same type of sample from both sides, has allowed to increase the normal force by a factor of 10, compared to previous experiments.

At small amplitudes, the frequency response of the QCM to a contact with rough PMMA surfaces is similar to the behavior observed with individual sphere-plate contacts. There is an increase in resonance frequency, which can be converted to an interfacial stiffness. Interesting, the contact stiffness observed with MHz excitation was found to much higher than what has been found similar samples with excitation frequencies in the kHz range.

At elevated amplitudes, the behavior is variable. Often one finds partial slip. Occasionally, however, there is a sharp increase in contact stiffness at a certain threshold in amplitude. The bandwidth goes through a maximum at that same amplitude. The behavior is reversible; the threshold is the same for decreasing and increasing amplitude ramps. We tentatively associate the increased apparent stiffness with an oscillation-induced increase in contact area.

[1] S. Hanke, J. Petri, D. Johannsmann, Phys. Rev. E 2013, 88.

[2] P. Berthoud, T. Baumberger, Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences 1998, 454, 1615–1634.